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How Translation Technology Reduces Business Costs : STAR Transit

Translation Technology For Business

How STAR Transit NXT can help grow your business internationally.

We live in an increasingly globalized world, where success comes down to be understood in every language.

Regulatory requirements also play a key factor. We need to translate websites, documents, marketing copy, user interfaces, contracts and much more.

Do you need to translate all your content again and again? Thankfully not. With STAR Transit you can store your translation and reuse it across your product suites – thus delivering faster time to market with consistent quality copy.

Talk to our technology team to learn more about how we can help your business.

 

Riddle

What has a bed but doesn’t sleep and a mouth but never eats?

 

Answer: A river.

 

Leave a comment or share your own riddle with us.

 

The STAR Team

 

 

 

French Idioms and their English meanings

An idiom is a phrase or an expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning. They are usually established in language by their common usage.

Idioms are often different from a country to another country.

Here’s a few French idioms and phrases and their equivalence in English

French Idiom Literally Translated English Idiom
Il pleut des cordes It rains ropes  It rains cats and dogs
Quand les poules auront des dents When the hen will have teeth When pigs fly
On ne peut pas etre au four et au moulin You can’t be at the oven and at the mill One can’t be in two places at once
Ce n’est pas ma tasse de thé It is not my cup of tea It’s not my bowl of rice
Filer á l’anglaise To take English leave Take French leave
Avoir le vent en poupe To have the wind in one’s sails All wheels in motion
Noyer le poisson to drown the fish To beat around the bush
Jamais deux sans trois Never two without three Never twice without thrice
Courir sur le haricot To run on the bean  To get on someone’s nerve

Riddle

If you are running in a race and pass the third-place person, what place are you in?

 

Answer: 3.

Leave a comment or share your own riddle with us.

The STAR Team

 

Riddle

I have a ring, but not hands, I used to be plugged into the wall but now I follow you everywhere. What am I? (Answer below)

 

 

 

Answer: Telephone.

 

Leave a comment or share your own riddle with us.

 

The STAR Team

Transit NXT

Creating a Project | Transit Training

Transit NXT

Creating a Project in Transit

To translate a document using Transit, you must first create a project. A wizard helps you to do this by guiding you step-by-step through the functions so you cannot forget any settings.

Selecting Project | Administration | Create takes you to the Create new project window:

Create new project windowCreate new project window

You have the following options when creating a project:

  • You can create a new project. There are two options available for this:

– The option Based on template allows you to select from a list of user-defined project templates and adapt these to suit your current project. Please refer to section 5. “Creating a new project template” for more detailed information on creating a new project template.

– The option New project from scratch lets you create a new project from scratch.

Please refer to section 2. “Creating a new project” for more information on this topic.

  • You can create a follow-up project.

Using the option Based on project, you can create a follow-up project. With this option, Transit suggests the settings of an existing project so you only have to change the settings which differentiate the new project from the old project. Please refer to section 3 “Create a new project based on an existing project” for more information on this topic.

  • You can create an alignment project.

If you have an original and one or more translated versions of a document, with the option Alignment project, Transit gives you the option to create reference material from these original documents, which you can then use for translation projects in Transit. You also have the option of creating an alignment project using the resource bar. You can find more detailed information about creating alignment projects in chapter 2 of the “Transit NXT Alignment Tool” manual.

Shared project with TermStar

When you create a project in Transit, this is also used by the TermStar terminology management system. The Transit project also contains all the settings which TermStar requires.

This means that if you want to use or edit terminology for a translation project, there is no need to create a separate project in TermStar.

 

2. Creating a new project

Selecting Project | Administration | Create in Transit gives the user the option to create a new project from scratch or a project based on a template.

It is also possible to select predefined default project templates using the Interfaces button in the resource bar, which you can then adapt for your project (details about this can be found in section.4 “Creating a new project via the resource bar”).

Please refer to section 3 “Create a new project based on an existing project” if you want to create a follow-up project based on an existing project.

If you wish to create a new project template, please refer to section 5 “Creating a new project template”.

Selecting and creating predefined project templates

Transit provides you with project templates that are specific to the document type, which means that you do not have to make certain settings when you create a new project. Alternatively, you can also create your own project template. This is achieved either by taking an existing project template and amending it accordingly, or else by creating an entirely new project template from scratch. Please refer to section “Creating a new project template” for more detailed information on this topic.

——————————————————————————–

How do I create a new project?

1 Select Project | Administration | Create.

Transit displays the Create new project window:

Create new project windowCreate new project window

2 To create a new project, select New project from scratch. Click Next to confirm the option selected.

Transit displays the Administration window:

Administration windowAdministration window

3 Specify the administrative information.

Project name – Enter the name of the project here. When choosing a name for the project, ensure that it does not contain any invalid characters. If an invalid character is used, the following error message appears:

Invalid filename messageInvalid filename message

The wildcards ‘?’ and ’*’ are also not allowed. If one of these characters is used, the following error message appears:

Wildcards error messageWildcards error message

Scope – Select the scope to which the project should be assigned:
Global, User (user-related) or Customer (customer-related).

– If you have selected Customer from the Scope list, select the desired customer from the Customer list.

– Click New customer to create a new customer. Transit displays the Create new customer window:

Create new customer windowCreate new customer window

Enter the name of the customer in the Customer field. Transit automatically copies the name into the Customer data folder field. Transit saves customer-specific settings to this folder.

Click Create customer to confirm the information entered for the new customer. Transit displays the Administration window again. You can now select the new customer from the Customer list.

– You can enter a comment on your project in the Project comment section.

– In the Project status section you can enter remarks on the status of the project, such as ‘Imported’, ‘Statistics created’, ‘Imported and checked before translation’, ‘Sent to translator’, etc.

Click Next to confirm the information entered in the Administration window.

Transit displays the Languages window. If you are creating a new project from scratch, the source and target language fields will be empty, because this option does not set predefined languages:

Languages windowLanguages window

4 Specify the source and target language(s) for the project.

Source language – Select the language you require from the list.

Current target language – Select the language you require from the list.

You can only select languages specified as ‘Project target languages’. When creating a new project, it is first necessary to add the required languages in the Project target languages section.

Project target languages – Transit displays all the target languages for the project in the Project target languages section.

To add a target language, click on Add. Transit displays the Add target language(s) window:

Add target language(s) windowAdd target language(s) window

Select one or more languages which you want to add to the project as target languages. To select several target languages, press and hold the CTRL key and then click on the desired languages in the list. They appear highlighted. Confirm your selection with OK.

Transit displays the Languages window again with the target languages added. You now have the chance, if required, to select a different language as your current target language:

Languages window with target languages added [spacer] Languages window with target languages added

– To remove a target language from the project, select the language in the Project target languages section and click Remove.

This does not cause Transit to delete the files for the removed target language, it just means that the language is no longer used in this project.

Click Next to confirm your settings in the Languages window.

Transit displays the Folders window with the drive and path of the working folder:

Folders windowFolders window

5 Specify the working folder which Transit should use to save all the files for this project.

Transit initially creates the appropriate folder as a subfolder of Projects in your Transit installation folder. This path for this folder is displayed in the Folders window.

– If you would like to store the project in a different folder, select the Browse option.

Transit displays the Select working folder window:

Select working folder windowSelect working folder window

– Select the desired files and confirm the selection by clicking Open.

Transit displays the Folders window again.

By default, Transit creates a subfolder of the project folder to serve as the export folder (e. g. .\EXPORT\ENG). However, it is also possible to select a different folder.

– Under Export folders for project target languages, click on Change.

Transit displays the Export folder window.

– Click on Browse.

Transit displays the Select export folder window.

– Select the desired folder and confirm by clicking Open.

Transit displays the path for the new folder in the Export folder window.

– Confirm your selection by clicking OK.

Click Next to confirm the information entered in the Folders window.

Transit displays the File type window:

File type windowFile type window

6 The window initially displays the default file type. You can now specify the type of file that you want to import.

– If you want to import a different file type, select the desired file type from the File type list.

To limit the choice of available options (for example, because you are searching for particular file types or for data for a particular customer), you can restrict the list using the Preselection (optional) section.

Font mapping lets you assign particular fonts to the target-language document which is to be created.

– Click on Options to configure additional settings for your particular file type (not available for all XML, HTML, SGML, Text and GRIPS file types).

Transit displays the File type settings window.

Specify the settings required and confirm the settings by clicking OK.

Please refer to the 3.6.8 “Additional file type settings” section and the “Tips & Tricks for All File Formats” manual for information on other settings for specific file types.

Click Next to confirm the settings made in the File type window.

Transit displays the Files window:

Files windowFiles window

7 Specify which files you want to import and translate in Transit.

– If you wish to select individual files, click Select files.

Transit displays the Select original files window. Select the desired files and confirm the selection by clicking Open.

– If you wish to select all the files in a folder, click Select folder.

Transit displays the Select folder with original files window. Select the desired folder.

Select Include subfolders if you want Transit to import the contents of all subfolders as well.

Confirm your selection by clicking Open.

– If you want to remove a file or a folder from the project, select the file/folder and click Remove.

– If you want to assign a working name to a file, select the file and click Working name.

Transit displays the Working name window:

Working name windowWorking name window

Enter the desired working name into the Working name field. Confirm your entry with OK.

– From the Display mode list, select how Transit should display the file names in the Project files section:

Working name – Transit displays the working name.

Original name – Transit displays the path and original name of the file.

– From the Display list, select the files which Transit should display in the Project files section.

Transit then indicates in the Project files section whether the corresponding language files already exist.

If the files do not yet exist, it may be that they still need to be imported for the language selected. If you are creating a new project, the source and target-language files will not usually be available, as you have not yet carried out an import.

– If you want to specify specific attribute values for the added project files, click Attributes.

By doing so, you provide the project files with additional information that you can use later on – for importing them into a TM Container and exporting them as TMX files.

For further information on this please refer to the “Transit NXT – Managing and using TM Containers” manual.

Click Next to confirm the settings made in the Files window.

Transit displays the Reference material window:

Reference material windowReference material window

8 Specify which files you want to use as reference material

– To select a project as reference material, click on Add projects.

Transit displays the Project browser window, which lists all existing projects. Select the desired project.

Confirm your selection with OK.

– To select all the files in a folder, click Add folder.

Transit displays the Select reference folder window. Select the desired folder. If the folder contains subfolders, they are automatically included in the selection.

Confirm your selection by clicking Open.

– To add individual files as reference material, click on Add files.

Transit displays the Select reference files window. Select the desired files and confirm the selection by clicking Open.

– To add a TM Container or TM Filter as reference material, click on Add TM Container.

Transit displays the Add TM Container window. Select the desired TM Container or TM Filter and confirm by clicking Select.

 

TM Container function must be activated

The Add TM Container button for adding a TM Container or TM Filter as reference material is only available if the TM Container function has been activated for your licence.

If you have any questions on this, please contact your local STAR office.

——————————————————————————–

– If you want to remove a project, folder or file from the list of already selected reference material, select the corresponding entry and click Remove reference.

Click Next to confirm the settings made in the Reference material window.

Transit displays the Dictionaries window:

Dictionaries window [spacer] Dictionaries window

9 From the Current dictionary list, select the dictionary to which Transit should add any new terminology.

In doing so, you can only select a dictionary which has been specified as a project dictionary. If the required dictionary is not contained in the list, you must first add it to the Project dictionaries section.

To assign a dictionary to the project, click on Add in the Project dictionaries section.

Transit displays the Add dictionaries window:

Add dictionaries windowAdd dictionaries window

In the Select dictionary section Transit displays the dictionaries that you can access. In the right column Transit displays the name of the database in which the respective dictionary is saved.

By clicking on the column header Dictionary name and Database name you can sort the dictionaries or the databases alphabetically ascending or descending for a better overview.

In the Project dictionaries section Transit displays the dictionaries that are already defined as project dictionaries.

– In the Select dictionary section, select one or more dictionaries which you want to add to the project. Confirm your selection with OK.

Transit displays the Dictionaries window again with the dictionaries added. If necessary, you can now select a different current dictionary.

– To remove a dictionary from the project, select the dictionary in the Project dictionaries section and click Remove.

Transit will not delete the dictionary data from the database when a dictionary is removed, it will merely no longer use the dictionary in this project.

Click Next to confirm the settings made in the Dictionaries window.

Transit displays the Summary window. This displays all the settings which you have previously specified for the current project:

Summary windowSummary window

10 Check your settings or specify additional, special settings:

– Click on Back if you want to change a setting.

– If you want to make additional special settings for segmentation, report settings, format check, default values, reference material, pretranslation or extracts, click Additional options.

Transit displays the Advanced project settings window, which contains the following tabs:

33 Advanced project settings window

Segmentation – Options for splitting the text into individual sections (segments). Please refer to section  “’Segmentation’ project settings” for more detailed information.

Report settings – Settings for the Report Manager for analysing and invoicing your translation project. Please refer to section  “’Report settings’ project settings” for more detailed information.

Format check – Options for verifying the consistency of formatting information, the representation of numbers and for detecting missing or redundant spaces. Please refer to section  “’Format check’ project setting” for more detailed information.

Default values – Default values for dictionary entries made while working on the project. Please refer to section  “’Default values’ project settings” for more detailed information.

Pretranslation – Settings for pretranslation based on the reference material. Please refer to section “’Pretranslation’ project settings” for more detailed information.

Extracts – Settings for the creation of reference and translation extracts. Please refer to section“’Extracts’ project settings” for more detailed information.

Machine translation – Generating translation suggestions using MT systems during import. Please refer to section  “’Machine translation’ project settings”.

Configure the desired settings and confirm them by clicking OK.

Please refer to section  “Project settings” for more information on this topic.

Once you have checked all the settings, confirm them by clicking Finish.

Transit creates the project with all the files and folders.

Once you have created a project, the next step generally is to import the files. For this reason, Transit displays the following message:
Project created successfully. Do you want to start the import process now?

11 Decide whether you want to import the files now or later:

– Click Yes if you want to import the files straight away.

Transit displays the Import project window.

– Click No if you want to import the files at a later stage.

You can carry out the import process at a later stage. However, you must import the files before you can start the translation.

 

3. Create a new project based on an existing project

If you choose to create a project based on an existing project, Transit suggests the existing settings from this project so you only have to modify the options which differentiate the new project from the old one. Please refer to section 2 “Creating a new project” if you would instead like to create a new project based on the default Transit settings.

How do I create a new project based on an existing project?

1 Select Project | Administration | Create.

Transit displays the Create new project window:

36Create new project window

2 To create a follow-up project, select Based on project.

3 Select the project from the list which you want to use as the basis for your new project.

Click Next to confirm the option selected.

Transit displays the Administration window:

Administration windowAdministration window

As the project name, Transit suggests the name of the old project with 1 appended to the end. The language pairs and reference material from the old project are set as the reference material, the old import files are discarded. All other settings from the old project remain unaltered.

4 Accept the suggested settings or change the settings for the new project. To do so, proceed as when creating a new project (see section 2 “Creating a new project” from step 4 onwards).

 

4. Creating a new project via the resource bar

The Transit resource bar contains a list of project templates in which important settings have already been predefined, allowing you to create a project quickly. A project created via the resource bar differs from a project created from scratch in the following respects:

  • Project folder: Transit automatically saves the project to C:\Program Files\Transit_NXT\projects\. For the project name, Transit uses the name you have entered under Project name in the Administration window.
  • File type: The file type is preselected when you choose the project template.
  • Dictionary: The project wizard skips the Dictionaries window when you create a project via the resource bar.

Clicking the Additional options button in the Summary window takes you to the advanced project settings. Here, you can make further project settings before you finally create the project.

You can also change the settings at a later stage via Project | Administration | Settings.

Please refer to section 2 “Creating a new project” if you would instead like to create a new project based on the default Transit settings.

How do I create a project via the resource bar?

1 Click the Interfaces button on the resource bar.

2 Select the desired file type from the list (e. g. Office -> PowerPoint).

Transit displays the Administration window:

Administration windowAdministration window

3 Specify the administrative information and proceed in the same way as when creating a new project.

File types which can be imported in Transit

The following table lists the file-type specific templates which Transit offers for project creation:Templates for project creationTemplates for project creation

These options are also available from the ribbon bar by selecting Project | Administration | Create | Based on template.

5. Creating a new project template

You can also define project templates yourself in Transit according to your specific requirements. When you create a new project template, you can either create a template from scratch or base it on one of the default project templates that is available in Transit when you create a new project either via the ribbon bar (Project | Administration | Create) or via the resource bar.

How do I create a project template via the ribbon bar?

1 Select Project | Template | Create.

Transit displays the Create project template window:

Create project template windowCreate project template window

2 Select one of the following options to create a new project template:

Create new template – Select this option if you want to create a new template from scratch.

Create new template based on template – Select this option if you want to create a new template that is based on one of the default project templates. Select the required default project template from the list.

Confirm your selection by clicking OK.

Transit displays the Save project template as window:

ave project template as windowSave project template as window

3 Specify how the new project template should be saved:

File name – Enter the name of the project template here.

Scope – Select the scope to which the project template should be assigned: Global, User (user-related) or Customer (customer-related).

Click Save to confirm the information specified.

Transit displays the Project-template settings window:

Project-template settings windowProject-template settings window

The name of the project template and the scope in brackets (e. g. Global) are also shown in the titlebar.

In addition to the project settings described in section 3.6, the Project-template settings window also contains the Wizard tab:

Project-template settings window, Wizard tabProject-template settings window, Wizard tab

4 In the Wizard tab, specify which steps should be considered when a new project is being created using this project template. The following steps (project settings) can be selected:

Languages

– Folders

– File type

– Files

– Reference material

– Dictionaries

5 Make the required settings in the other tabs.

Confirm the settings in each tab with Apply. Click OK to conclude the project-template creation process.

6. Deleting a project template

User-defined project templates can also be deleted. The project templates supplied with Transit, which are specific to particular document types, cannot be deleted.

How do I delete a project template via the ribbon bar?

1 Select Project | Template | Delete.

Transit displays the Delete project template window:

Delete project template windowDelete project template window

The list of the available project templates only displays the user-defined templates. The Delete button is greyed-out until a template is selected.

2 Select the project template which is to be deleted.

3 Click Delete.

7. Changing the default settings for new projects

If you create a new project from scratch, Transit suggests various default settings (e.g. for the source and target language; see section .2 “Creating a new project”).

You can change the default settings suggested by Transit for new projects, so that they match the requirements of your projects as closely as possible. This means that less changes will be necessary when creating a new project.

The default settings come from the project default, stored under scope Global. To change the settings, open the project default, alter the project settings and save it again under the same name.

How do I change the default settings?

1 Open the project default, which is stored under the scope Global.

– To do this, select Project | Open.

Transit opens the Project browser window.

– Select the project default from the list.

If Transit displays several projects of this name, select the default project stored under the Global scope.

– Confirm your selection by clicking OK.

Transit opens the default project.

2 Check the project settings and alter them as necessary.

– Select Project | Administration | Settings.

Transit displays the Project settings: default (Global) window. On the tabs, Transit displays the project settings which are suggested when a new project is created.

– Alter these project settings as necessary so that Transit will suggest these modified settings for future projects.

Only alter those settings which are useful as suggestions for all new projects (e.g. for the source and target language).

– Do not change any settings which usually differ from one project to the next (e.g. files, reference material, dictionaries, default values, etc.).

You will find information on the project settings in section 3.6 “Project settings”.

– Confirm the changes made with OK.

3 Save the modified project default.

– Select Project | Save as.

Transit displays the Save project window.

– Select the project default from the list.

If Transit displays several projects of this name, select the default project stored under the Global scope.

– Click Save to confirm your choice.

Transit displays a message informing you that the project already exists.

4 Click OK to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing project.

Transit saves the default project and its settings are the immediately available to act as suggested settings for new projects.

Transit NXT

Translating Text | Transit Training

Transit NXT

Translating text

If the language pair is open, the text appears in the editor window in two panes – green for the source language and red for the target language.

When you begin translation, the majority of the text in the target-language pane is usually not translated and is therefore still in the source language. If Transit has found matching segments in the reference material during the import process, these segments will already have been pretranslated.

In the target language window, you now can overwrite the text which is still to be translated. Transit shows the corresponding source language text in the source language window.

During translation, you have the choice between working using the ribbon bar or using keyboard shortcuts:

50Commands in the Translate group of the Processing tab and their associated keyboard shortcuts

How do I translate a text in the Transit editor?

1 In the target-language pane place the cursor in front of the text you wish to translate.

2 Enter your translation and delete the old text.

Transit offers additional options for this task. Clicking on the arrow at the bottom of the Confirm button opens a list containing the following options:

Options for the Confirm buttonOptions for the Confirm button

Transit indicates which options are currently selected with a checkmark to the left of each selected option. Should you wish to deselect an option, simply remove the respective checkmark by clicking on the option in question.

Delete to end of segment – Here you can specify whether the old text should be deleted automatically when the translation is confirmed.

The Delete to end of segment option is the default. If it is selected, when you click on Confirm or press the shortcut ALT+INS, Transit will automatically delete the remaining, red-underlined source text from the segment.

Check spaces – Here you can specify whether Transit should check for a space at the end of the source and target-language segment when the translation is confirmed and display respective messages in case of inconsistencies.

Check end punctuation – Here you can specify whether Transit should check for punctuation signs at the end of the source and target-language segment when the translation is confirmed and display respective messages in case of inconsistencies.

Empty next segment – Here you can specify whether Transit should empty of contents of the respective following segment when the translation is confirmed.

If the Empty next segment option is selected, when you click on Confirm or press the shortcut ALT+INS, Transit will automatically empty the following target-language segment. Selecting this option deselects the Delete to end of segment option.

3 Transit supports you in your translation work with the following functions:

– If Transit finds an entry in the dictionary for a word in the segment, this word is highlighted in yellow in the editor. In addition, Transit displays the entry in the Terminology window.

– Press the shortcut ALT + ENTER if you want Transit to display a suggested translation from the fuzzy index for this segment.

Transit displays the results in one of the fuzzy-window types, either the fixed fuzzy window or the bubble window.

– If Transit has pretranslated the segment and given it the status Check pretranslation, it uses update markers to indicate which part of the text you should check. Please refer to section 5.6 “Markups in the Transit editor” for more detailed information.

– You may want to format the text manually in some instances, (e.g. mark as underlined or in italics).

– If there are markups in the segment, it may be necessary to reassign, copy or delete them.

– You can make comments on segments or search for comments.

– If you want to join two sentences in the source language to make one translated sentence in the target language.

4 When you are finished translating the segment, confirm the translation by pressing the shortcut ALT+INS.

Transit changes the status of the segment to Translated.

– It is also possible to assign this status by clicking Confirm under Processing | Translate.

– Transit moves the cursor to the next segment to be processed.

In doing so, Transit bypasses all the segments which have already been translated or which do not have to be translated.

– Transit automatically searches the fuzzy index for fuzzy matches for the next segment to be translated.

5 Press the CTRL+ALT+BACKSPACE shortcut if you wish to undo the translation of a segment.

Transit replaces the text translated by you or Transit with the text of the source language. This means you can also undo translations for segments which Transit automatically pretranslated during the import.

6 Continue translating as explained from point 1 onwards.

Do not forget to save the language pair when you are finished translating it.

Quality assurance after translation

To guarantee top quality of your translation, we recommend that the following items are checked after translation:

  • Spellcheck

As with every good word processing program, you can use the spellcheck function in Transit to check your spelling. You can use dictionaries and/or reference material for spellchecking

  •  Checking terminology

Using this function, you can check whether the terminology from the project dictionaries has been used in the translation.

  • Checking markups

Markup mode enables you to establish whether the markups in the source and target languages are consistent.

  • Statuses for the translation report

Using segment status, check whether the text is completely translated.

Please refer to section 6 “Quality assurance” for more information on this topic.

 

1. Update markers in the Transit editor

Overview

If a text differs from the reference text only in terms of numbers and markups, Transit accepts the text from the reference material and the markups and numbers from the file to be translated. Such segments are assigned the status Check pretranslation. The modified elements are highlighted in the Transit editor by so-called ‘update markers’:

Example of the appearance of update markers in the Transit editorExample of the appearance of update markers in the Transit editor

This helps you to quickly see what you need to check and potentially change. Transit also displays the update markers in the Source fuzzy window . The display in the Source fuzzy window makes it possible to see where the differences lie between the new segment and the reference segment. To call up or update the Source fuzzy window, press the shortcut CTRL+ENTER.

Example of the appearance of update markers in the Transit editor and in the Source fuzzy windowExample of the appearance of update markers in the Transit editor and in the Source fuzzy window

In the example in figure 5-11, the numbers in the active segment have been changed and the formatting has been changed from bold italic in the reference segment to just italic (for more details on the information given in the fuzzy windows, see section 5.4 “Dual Fuzzy windows”). Transit has carried over the translation from the reference segment and updated the numbers and markups according to what appears in the current segment.

Automatic update for differing numbers and markupsAutomatic update for differing numbers and markups

If the number of markups in the reference segment is lower than in the new segment which is to be translated, Transit still carries over the translation from the reference material, but adds update markers and gives the segment the status Check pretranslation. However, in this case, Transit does not automatically insert the ‘new’ markups:

Example of how Transit indicates a differing number of markups in the reference segment and the segment to be translatedExample of how Transit indicates a differing number of markups in the reference segment and the segment to be translated

In the example in the Figure 5-12, the markup for italics for the number ’37’ in the current target-language segment is not inserted automatically. This markup must either be inserted manually or when checking the text using markup mode. You can find more detailed information on this in section 5.6.4 “Inserting and copying markups during translation” and in section 6.5 “Checking markups”.

Transit automatically deletes update markers during the export phase

Transit automatically deletes the update markers if you assign a segment with the status Translated.

Transit automatically deletes the update markers when you export the project.

However, we recommend you delete the markers during translation or while checking the segments. In this way, you know which segments you have checked.

 

2. Segments in the Transit editor

Overview

During import, Transit breaks down the text into individual, easily-managed sections known as “segments”. These are the sections that you translate. These are also the sections of text which Transit searches for and replaces when it compares the text with existing translations.

Transit saves information for each segment so you can track exactly whether and how the segment was translated. Transit displays this information in the scratchpad window.

Each segment has a status which provides you with information on the stage of the translation process the segment has reached. In effect, the status is an indicator of the “quality“ of the segment. Transit can display this status in a column in the editor and also in the segment marker at the end of a segment:

Segment status: display options in the Transit editorSegment status: display options in the Transit editor

Under View | Segments, you can specify how Transit should display the segment status.

Display of the segment status in the Transit editor

Transit can display the segment status in the editor. The marker can either be displayed at the end of the segment or in the info column. How the segment status is displayed depends on which setting you have selected. In the info column, the segment status is displayed in a separate column, to the right of the segment number. The Example column in the following table shows how different segment markers appear at the end of a segment:

Displaying the segment status with the segment markerDisplaying the segment status with the segment marker

 

Changing the segment status while translating

In order for you to work efficiently and effectively with segment statuses, the status of a segment must always correspond to the last processing step taken for the segment. Transit offers you the following two options for this:

  • You can automatically update the segment status during translation by confirming the translation for a segment with the keyboard shortcut ALT+INS, which sets the segment status to Translated.
  • You can also manually assign the Translated status to a segment by selecting Processing | Translate | Assign status.

Automatically update the segment status during translation

We recommend that you ensure the segment status is automatically updated during translation. This allows you to track the course of the project and perform a statistical analysis of the translation.

 

3. Split a segment or join a segment to the next

In Transit, it is possible to split a source language segment “on the fly” during translation work at a particular position in the segment. It is also possible to join a source language segment to the next.

Splitting a segment may become necessary when Transit e. g. treats two sentences during segmentation as one segment because of a missing blank after the full stop in the original document.

Constraints of this functionality

Splitting and joining of source language segments is only possible if the project has only one target language.

The joining of source language segments works only within a paragraph. Joining segments beyond paragraph boundaries is not possible.

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How do I split a segment?

1 In the source language segment, place the cursor at the position where the segment should be split in two.

2 Right-click to open the context menu and select the Split segment option.

Split segment optionSplit segment option

Transit splits the segment in the source language as well as the target language window at the desired position and updates the segment numbers of the following segments in both windows accordingly.

To undo the splitting, if required, follow the two steps described in “How do I join a segment to the next?”.

If you split a segment that has already been translated, the target language segment is split approximately at the same position as in the source language. Likely, you may need to slightly adapt the two resulting target language segments where necessary.

How do I join a segment to the next?

1 In the source language segment, place the cursor in the segment that should be joined to the next.

2 Right-click to open the context menu and select the Join segment to next option:

Join segment to next optionJoin segment to next option

Transit joins the desired segment in the source and target language windows to the next segment and updates the segment numbers of the following segments in both windows accordingly.

 

4. Joining segments virtually and split virtually joined segments

Transit gives you the option to virtually join segments. This may be of interest if content which is spread over two or more sentences or segments in the source language needs to be joined to become a single segment in the target language. This is predominantly the case with multilingual projects or for projects where the structure of the content is irregular (e.g. if sentences/units of meaning are interrupted by line breaks or similar).

Using the Join function, Transit can combine such segments. In Transit, segments which are ‘virtually’ joined in this way form a single unit, thus allowing the content to be translated according to requirements. However, the number of segments remains unchanged, meaning that the segmentation of all language pairs is still uniform. This function can be selected either from the ribbon bar, via Processing | Translate | Join or via a context menu from the editor (Virtual segment join).

Example:

A document in which the target language is English is being translated into German.

The sentences

‘Transit will save you money’

and

‘Transit will boost your productivity’

are to be joined in the target language (German) as follows (fig. 5-16):

‘Transit spart Ihnen Geld und steigert auch Ihre Produktivität’

Virtual segment joining: source language situationVirtual segment joining: source language situation

How do I virtually join segments?

1 Enter the translation into segment 26 and mark the segment as ‘Translated’ using ALT+INS.

2 Delete the text ‘Transit will boost your productivity’ in segment 27 and mark this segment as ‘Translated’ with ALT+INS as well:

Virtual segment joining: enter the translation in the first segmentVirtual segment joining: enter the translation in the first segment

3 Place the cursor in the segment which contains the translation (seg. 26) and select the option Virtual segment join from the context menu.

Transit joins the active segment and the following segment to become a single unit:

Virtual segment joining: segments joinedVirtual segment joining: segments joined

In the segment-number column, you can see that the joined segments are assigned the number of the first segment, but that the number of other segments and their numbering have not changed.

If necessary, to separate the joined segments again, either select Processing | Translate | Undo join or select Undo virtual segment join from the context menu in the active segment.

Virtual segment joining

This function can only be used for adjacent segments. There must not be any segments only containing markups between these segments.
Transit also treats virtually joined segments as a single unit when they are used as reference material.

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If required, you have the option to split virtually joined segments again at a later point in time.

How do I split virtually joined segments:

1 Place the cursor at the position where the virtually joined segments are to be split (in the example: behind „Transit spart Ihnen Geld und“).

2 Select the option Split virtually joined segments from the context menu of the active segment.

Transit splits the virtually joined segments at the cursor position. The segment part in front of the cursor mark stays in segment 26, the segment part behind the cursor mark is taken over to the following segment 27.

Virtually joined segments split againVirtually joined segments split again

If the virtually joined segment consists of more than two joined segments, these segments continue to stay virtually joined. You may also split them, if needed.

 

5. Not permitting segments as reference material

It is possible to not permit segments to be used as reference material for certain reasons.

Example:

Due to an incorrect formatted original document a sentence is divided into two segments. Between the two segments there is a segment that only contains markups.

Due to the markup segment, joining the two text segments virtually is not possible.

In this case, it is possible to enter the translation of the complete sentence into the first target segment, empty the second target segment, and then not permit the two text segments as reference material.

How do I not permit a segment as reference material:

1 Right-click the desired segment in the target-language window.

Transit displays the context menu of the target-language window:

Context menu of the target-language windowContext menu of the target-language window

2 In the context menu, select the Do not permit as reference material entry.

The segment is not permitted as reference material and assigned the Not as reference access status. The access status is displayed in the Access field of the Segment info window.

Segments not permitted as reference material are not taken into account:

– for translation suggestions of the current project

– for pretranslation of future projects

– for translation suggestions of future projects

– during concordance search

– when creating a reference extract

– when compacting reference material

– when exporting the reference material into a TMX file

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How do I permit a segment as reference material:

1 Right-click the desired segment in the target-language window.

Transit displays the context menu of the target-language window:

Context menu of the target-language windowContext menu of the target-language window

2 In the context menu, select the Permit as reference material entry.

The segment is permitted as reference material again.

Context menu entry is active depending on the access status

The context menu entry Do not permit as reference material is greyed out if the segment has the access status Read only.