The USA tag features articles that mention the United States of America, its people and culture and any content that relates to the USA and its markets.

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Black Friday, Explained

What is Black Friday?

What is Black Friday?

Just what is Black Friday?

To understand it, we need to look at the American national holiday of Thanksgiving. Thanksgiving takes place on the fourth Thursday of November and marks the beginning of the holiday season in the U.S.

First Coined

The term “Black Friday” was first coined in Philadelphia by the State Police Department there and was used to originally describe the heavy pedestrian and vehicle traffic which would occur the day after Thanksgiving. Black Friday had been used before the 1960s and its use spread throughout the U.S. around 1975 and onward.

Another Explanation

It had been seen as busy shopping day during the 1960s and stretching into the 2000s. Thus, over the years, another explanation was offered: retailers operated at a financial loss from January through November or “in the red” as it was known. And “Black Friday” indicated when they turned a profit or “in the black”. A term that started off with a negative connotation eventually went on to become a positive. This is the “Black Friday” we’ve come to hear about as we browse online stores.

Shopping Craze

Many retailers in the States were commonly known to open as early as 06:00 in the morning. But since 2011, stores such as Macy’s, Walmart, Kohl’s, Best Buy and Bealls went even further by opening as early as 05;00, even 04:00! Offering deals and promotions to early shoppers hoping to grab bargains for Christmastime has become something of a tradition in America. Even UK and Irish retailers, both on the streets and online have adopted this shopping experience craze.

Have you been affected by “Black Friday”? Let us know what you think in the comments box below.

Graham,
The STAR Team

America speaks more than 300 languages

US census shows more than 55 million speak more than 300 languages

According to the latest US Census, there are some 55,076,078 people in America speaking more than 300 languages. There is a widespread use of languages such as Spanish and Chinese with more than 2 million speakers each to the smallest language Yuchi, with only four registered speakers! The Yuchi, also spelled Euchee and Uchee, are a Native American tribe who traditionally lived in the eastern Tennessee River valley in the 16th century. This census from April 2010 shows how big the US language territory is outside English.

Let’s look at all the languages spoken in United States …

How many do you recognize?

SPANISH and SPANISH CREOLE 34,183,747
Spanish 34,183,622
Ladino 125
OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES 10,347,377
French 1,358,816
French 1,304,758
Patois 28,475
Cajun 25,583
French Creole 621,135
Italian 807,010
Portuguese 678,334
Portuguese 676,963
Papia Mentae 1,371
German 1,120,670
German 1,119,963
Luxembourgian 707
Yiddish 162,511
Other West-Germanic languages 269,600
Pennsylvania Dutch 117,547
Dutch 132,191
Afrikaans 18,943
Frisian 919
Scandinavian languages 132,956
Swedish 56,713
Danish 29,728
Norwegian 41,197
Icelandic 5,170
Faroese 148
Greek 340,028
Russian 846,233
Polish 632,362
Serbo-Croatian languages 273,729
Serbocroatian 152,331
Croatian 57,565
Serbian 63,833
Other Slavic languages 318,051
Bielorussian 1,363
Ukrainian 142,711
Czech 55,382
Lusatian 189
Slovak 32,227
Bulgarian 57,016
Macedonian 22,134
Slovene 7,029
Armenian 220,922
Persian 359,176
Hindi 531,313
Gujarati 301,658
Urdu 335,213
Other Indic languages 619,954
India n.e.c.2 81,125
Bengali 190,090
Panjabi 208,387
Marathi 54,223
Bihari 151
Rajasthani 464
Oriya 4,790
Assamese 1,215
Kashmiri 833
Nepali 34,139
Sindhi 6,907
Pakistan N.E.C. 2 13,092
Sinhalese 22,278
Romany 2,260
Other Indo-European languages 417,706
Jamaican Creole 19,872
Krio 6,900
Hawaiian Pidgin 108
Pidgin 2,527
Gullah 352
Saramacca 112
Catalonian 1,917
Romanian 146,840
Rhaeto-romanic 39
Welsh 2,452
Irish Gaelic 22,279
Scottish Gaelic 1,445
Albanian 125,220
Lithuanian 42,306
Lettish 16,149
Pashto 15,788
Kurdish 12,982
Balochi 268
Tadzhik 150
ASIAN & PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES 8,267,977
Chinese 2,455,583
Chinese 1,554,505
Hakka 1,086
Kan, Hsiang 291
Cantonese 437,301
Mandarin 381,121
Fuchow 2,671
Formosan 76,131
Wu 2,477
Japanese 457,033
Korean 1,048,173
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 182,387
Hmong 185,401
Thai 139,845
Laotian 147,865
Vietnamese 1,204,454
Other Asian languages 644,363
Kazakh 1,006
Kirghiz 131
Karachay 698
Uighur 3,190
Azerabaijani 1,282
Turkish 107,405
Turkmen 221
Mongolian 8,430
Tungus 326
Dravidian 2,146
Gondi 76
Telugu 171,495
Kannada 35,902
Malayalam 112,378
Tamil 130,731
Munda 2,334
Tibetan 9,764
Burmese 35,281
Karen 3,924
Kachin 178
Miao-yao, Mien 17,421
Paleo-siberian 44
Tagalog 1,444,324
Other Pacific Island languages 358,549
Indonesian 60,657
Achinese 32
Balinese 272
Cham 891
Javanese 441
Malagasy 935
Malay 12,440
Bisayan 23,644
Sebuano 10,027
Pangasinan 2,144
Ilocano 76,896
Bikol 812
Pampangan 5,432
Micronesian 5,514
Carolinian 187
Chamorro 17,985
Gilbertese 173
Kusaiean 1,056
Marshallese 10,739
Mokilese 448
Mortlockese 40
Palau 4,153
Ponapean 2,347
Trukese 5,434
Ulithean 39
Woleai-ulithi 51
Yapese 795
Melanesian 973
Polynesian 723
Samoan 57,368
Tongan 26,322
Niuean 17
Tokelauan 290
Fijian 3,701
Marquesan 605
Rarotongan 124
Maori 659
Nukuoro 141
Hawaiian 24,042
ALL OTHER LANGUAGES 2,276,977
Navajo 170,822
Other Native North American languages 203,127
Aleut 1,236
Pacific Gulf Yupik 8
Eskimo 2,168
Inupik 5,580
St. Lawrence Island Yupik 993
Yupik 18,626
Algonquian 288
Arapaho 1,087
Atsina 45
Blackfoot 1,970
Cheyenne 2,399
Cree 951
Delaware 146
Fox 727
Kickapoo 1,141
Menomini 946
French Cree 75
Miami 168
Micmac 230
Ojibwa 6,986
Ottawa 312
Passamaquoddy 982
Penobscot 144
Abnaki 86
Potawatomi 824
Shawnee 321
Yurok 491
Kutenai 200
Makah 176
Kwakiutl 85
Nootka 10
Clallam 146
Coeur D’alene 174
Columbia 17
Cowlitz 110
Salish 1,233
Okanogan 284
Puget Sound Salish 207
Quinault 128
Haida 118
Athapascan 1,627
Ahtena 18
Ingalit 127
Koyukon 58
Kuchin 1,217
Tanaina 11
Chasta Costa 84
Hupa 174
Apache 14,012
Kiowa 1,274
Tlingit 1,026
Mountain Maidu 319
Northwest Maidu 32
Sierra Miwok 216
Nomlaki 38
Wintun 24
Foothill North Yokuts 407
Tachi 45
Santiam 50
Siuslaw 6
Klamath 95
Nez Perce 942
Sahaptian 1,654
Upper Chinook 58
Tsimshian 68
Achumawi 68
Atsugewi 15
Karok 700
Pomo 648
Washo 227
Cocomaricopa 44
Mohave 330
Yuma 172
Diegueno 228
Delta River Yuman 483
Havasupai 90
Walapai 458
Yavapai 139
Chumash 39
Tonkawa 29
Yuchi 4
Crow 3,962
Hidatsa 806
Mandan 104
Dakota 18,804
Chiwere 60
Winnebago 1,340
Kansa 7
Omaha 457
Osage 260
Ponca 131
Alabama 165
Choctaw 10,368
Mikasuki 188
Koasati 59
Muskogee 5,072
Chetemacha 89
Keres 13,073
Iroquois 76
Mohawk 1,423
Oneida 527
Onondaga 239
Cayuga 6
Seneca 1,353
Tuscarora 179
Cherokee 12,320
Arikara 103
Caddo 51
Pawnee 122
Wichita 242
Comanche 963
Mono 349
Paiute 1,638
Northern Paiute 12
Chemehuevi 15
Ute 1,625
Shoshoni 2,512
Hopi 6,776
Cahuilla 139
Cupeno 11
Luiseno 327
Serrano 5
Pima 8,190
Yaqui 425
Tiwa 2,269
Tewa 5,123
Towa 2,192
Zuni 9,432
Chinook Jargon 644
American Indian 8,888
Jicarilla 455
Chiricahua 457
Spokane 20
Hungarian 94,125
Arabic 760,505
Hebrew 216,615
African languages 710,214
Amharic 146,337
Berber 1,475
Chadic 5,091
Cushite 90,434
Sudanic 8,966
Nilotic 4,964
Nilo-hamitic 525
Nubian 129
Saharan 19
Khoisan 19
Swahili 72,404
Bantu 42,098
Mande 27,657
Fulani 22,469
Gur 849
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 267,174
Efik 5,497
Mbum 340
African 13,767
Other and unspecified languages 121,569
Finnish 25,806
Estonian 5,938
Lapp 23
Other Uralic languages 31
Caucasian 6,870
Basque 1,649
Syriac 61,272
Aztecan 1,327
Sonoran 63
Misumalpan 127
Mayan languages 6,832
Tarascan 470
Mapuche 214
Oto – Manguen 2,596
Quechua 935
Aymara 63
Arawakian 1,960
Chibchan 48
Tupi-guarani 456
Unknown entries 4,889

The STAR Team

Spanish: Number One Language Spoken in USA

Number one language spoken in USA: Spanish

Spanish is number one language spoken in USA, Chinese is second

2011 Language Mapper showing Spanish and Chinese as top two languages spoken in USA

A new Census Bureau Interactive Map shows Spanish as number one language spoken in USA with Chinese being the second most-spoken one.

Spanish and Chinese are the top languages spoken in the United States of America; most of the population is proficient in English, however.

The U.S. Census Bureau released an interactive online map pinpointing the wide array of languages spoken in homes across the nation, along with a detailed report on rates of English proficiency, and the growing number of speakers of other languages.

The 2011 Language Mapper shows where people speaking specific languages (other than English) live, with dots representing how many people speak each of the 15 different languages recorded in the States.

For each language, the mapper shows the concentration of those who report that they speak English less than ‘very well’ — a measure of English proficiency. The tool uses data collected through the American Community Survey from 2007 to 2011.

The STAR Team

Source: US Census Language Mapper Tool