The Latin tag features blog posts about the ancient language originally spoken by the Romans. Latin was also used in mediaeval times and belongs to the Italic branch of Indo-European languages.

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Know your Roots

Root words tree illustration

Like people, languages and words have roots.

For many European languages, Latin is a common root language, as it is for the Romance languages which Latin gave birth to. Spanish, Portuguese, French and of course, Italian and Romanian wouldn’t exist as they are today if it weren’t for Latin or what was once called Vulgar Latin. It is useful to note that “vulgar” does not relate to the pejorative meanings like ‘tasteless’ or, ‘indecent’ but rather to its original meaning: ‘common’ or, ‘vernacular’.

With the then widely growing Roman Empire, classical Latin became an influential language. It is from Latin that we derive such words as ‘Salary’ and ‘Sausage’. These two words actually have a common origin having entered the English language in the 14th century. Salary derives from the Latin ‘salarium’, which meant ‘salt-money’.

To Roman soldiers of the time, salt was an important commodity, as it was a mineral used to preserve foodstuffs.

‘Sausage’ was another addition to English in relation to salt with its root Latin word ‘salsicium’, which meant ‘meat made with salt’ or, ‘salted meat’. Let’s break them down: both words begin with ‘sal’, which means ‘salt’. Other words such as salsa and salata are Latin for ‘salted’. But today they take on entirely different meanings, as a salsa is a sauce and salata is a salad.

How about some true English words. There are words like ‘silly’ and ‘nice’ that had very different meanings in the past. When ‘silly’ was first used about a thousand years ago, it meant something or somebody that was happy or blessed. As time passed, it adopted the definition of being innocent. Once again it changed to mean a person who one should feel pity because there is something “wrong” with them, and a silly person was once a feeble-minded one.

As you may know, one can be silly but intelligent. A silly person to me is one who lacks common sense or good judgment.

And what about someone being described as ‘nice’, I hear you say. Well, nice arrived in the English language during the 1300s. It referred to a person who was ignorant or foolish. Having shift to another negative side with definitions as ‘lazy’, ‘fussy’ or ‘showy’ as the centuries moved. Before the 1700s, ‘nice’ was associated with well-dressed people, careful persons and, also, those who were particular. One could say that being particular is similar to being fussy, though.

Post 1700 and the word ‘nice’ was an indicator of a large number of positive traits, as opposed to its negatively defined roots. Isn’t that nice?

Graham,
The STAR Team

Veni, vidi, vici: a famous saying

Veni, vidi, vici: I came; I saw; I conquered

Veni, Vidi, Vici in Irish

Veni, vidi, vici was coined by Julius Caesar in 47 BC. The classical phrase was noted in a letter to the Roman Senate, and is undoubtedly one of the most famous sayings of our time. It literally means ‘I came; I saw; I conquered’.

These words were amazingly strong at the time, capturing a complete lifetime in a single sentence.

Today, for the first time, I saw a runner with the Irish translation of this on his t-shirt: “Tháinig mé; chonaic mé, bhuaigh mé.”

Truly brilliant to see this! And what a surprise as it brought home a new outlook on our language, Irish being used in a powerfully motivational way.

Well done, whoever thought of it.

How do you say ‘veni, vidi, vici’ in your language?

The STAR Team

Is it Dr. or Dr?

Dr. or Dr?

Dr. or Dr?

Dr or Dr.

What is the correct abbreviation for Doctor?

Doctor comes from the Latin word Doctor. The word originates from the Latin verb docere which means to teach.

This week we are having a big debate about this one and we’re still not decided who won? There are multiple camps in this space.

Camp 1

Either Abbreviations Dr or Dr. can be used to designate a person who has doctorate-level degree.

Camp 2

Only Dr. is correct as it is an abbreviation. You should always use the full stop.

In the UK, the us of the full stop appears to be ok to use either Dr or Dr. However, in America the de facto is to always use the period / full stop — it’s Dr. in America!

Just for fun consider this: The plural of Dr. is Drs. or Dres. in some languages (German).

In British English, you don’t have to indicate an abbreviation with a full stop after the abbreviation, when the last letter is the same as the abbreviated word. You can use Dr Smith, because R is the last letter of Doctor. However, if he had a Phd. you have to use a full stop because the last letter is different from the entire word, doctorate.

The abbreviation of doctor is generally Dr in most of the Commonwealth whereas it is Dr. in North America.

Which abbreviation do you use and why?

The STAR Team

Source : Doctor (title), Wikipedia